As with any form of assessment, it is important to "close the loop" and share rubric feedback with evaluated students. Even before this feedback process begins, however, it is a good idea to provide students with the rubric at the start of the program/assignment. Providing students with learning or performance criteria at the onset of a program/assignment allows for clarity and sets students up for success.
After the rubric is created and has been used to evaluate students, there are a number of strategies to consider when deciding when and how to share feedback.
- Provide feedback as quickly as possible after program or assignment completion to ensure that students effectively incorporate the feedback into their learning and future performance.
- At the end of an assignment or program, have students critique their own work using the rubric tool and then compare their responses with those of the evaluator. This helps the student further process expectations that were communicated at the beginning of a program/assignment (via the rubric) and then consider to what degree they did or did not meet these expectations.
- Consider using peer evaluation as a feedback share component. Students can evaluate one another using the rubric in a one-on-one or group setting. Individuals can then share feedback directly with one another or the evaluator can collect feedback from the group to share with individual students.
- Use rubrics as a formative assessment tool--allow students to resubmit or redo their work after incorporating feedback from the rubric and any additional comments from the evaluator. This is another way for students to "dig into" the feedback process and reap the benefits of the rubric.
Ultimately, it is key that feedback is shared in a way that encourages students to engage with the rubric. Simple distribution of a rubric cannot be expected to impact students' work; they must be taught to actively use it in order to benefit from its purpose, which can be done using some or all of the strategies mentioned above.